View the full example page - PDF. The impressive quantity of spolia incorporated in the castle walls gives an idea of the extent of the destruction wreaked on the ancient town when the castle was first built.
The first post-antique fortress here is said to have been erected in the 6th century AD, under the Emperor Justinian: the innermost of the three successive gates on the west side is Byzantine, and it marks the northwestern limit of the Byzantine castle. The enceinte was strengthened and further fortified to the south and west by the Genoese Gattilusi overlords, between their coming into possession of the castle in and a catastrophic earthquake in that wrought considerable damage to the structure and killed all of the ruling family save for a single son, Francesco II.
What was rebuilt was considerably damaged again by the Turkish assault of In , under Sultan Beyazit II, the Lower Castle, protected by a circular bastion at the northernmost point, was added to protect the north harbour.
The interior was densely inhabited in Ottoman times; many of the ruined buildings still visible inside date from the 16th—19th centuries. There are two entrances to the castle open daily except Mon, 8—3 , one from the south and another from the west by the Orta Kapi, m north of the New Archaeological Museum. Numbers in italics are picture references.
Dates are given for all artists, architects and sculptors. Ancient names are rendered in italics, as are works of art.
Page references in italics indicate illustrations. Where many pages are listed, those where. Where many pages are listed, references to those where. Gerola, Giuseppe 36 , 36 , 39 , 47 , 54 , 54 , 96,.
Reviewed on Amazon? Blue Guide Blue Guide Crete 8th ed. Blue Guide Crete.
The summer weather in Greece is dominated by the meltemi which comes from the NE in the north and west Aegean and from the NW in the south and east. Usually it is a light breeze of force in the early morning hours but as the day progresses it strengthens to by the afternoon and subsides by sunset.
However from middle June to mid Septembers you can count for the meltemi to become a gale of force and occasionally 9.
These gales usually last days. From October to mid May the probability is equal for either northerly or southerly winds.
Winds of force 10 are not uncommon in the winter months. Violent thunderstorms are also probable by late October to early May. The southern winter winds are particularly treacherous and unpredictable. Arrival and departure procedures are changing in All yachts arriving from outside the EU, regardless of flag, may enter at any port with a port police office BUT are required to notify the port police in advance of their arrival usually on VHF channel Skippers are then required on arrival to present their documents see below and to complete a newly introduced form, the Pleasure Boat Document PBD , and to carry it with them at all times see File:Greek Pleasure Boat Document.
The PBD must be surrendered to the nearest port police office on leaving Greek waters. At present, a PBD does not appear to be required if arriving from another EU country, but this may be open to local interpretation. In addition, all arriving yachts need to pay the necessary cruising taxes and, if coming from outside the EU, clear customs and immigration see below.
A good quality Greek courtesy flag must be flown on entering Greek waters and, if arriving from outside the EU, a "Q" flag. All yachts arriving from outside the EU will need to clear customs and immigration. Skippers must complete a customs declaration and any firearms and ammunitions MUST be declared on arrival. PETS: Cats and dogs require health and rabies inoculation certificates issued in the country of origin, not more than 12 months previously for dogs, six months for cats, and not less than six days before arrival.
Megalo Chorio, the capital of the island, is located inland in the north of the island. We'll publish them on our site once we've reviewed them. It is the most important site of the island. John of Jerusalem occupied the city from to and undertook to transform it into a stronghold before it passed under Turkish and Italian domination. It is an ideal destination for those who like to enjoy the tranquility of nature and isolated places. Arki or Arkoi is a small island in the Dodecanese archipelago in Greece. The islands closest to Athens can be reached within a few hours from these two ports, while islands further away require an overnight ferry ride.
Foreign registered yachts can buy fuel at duty-free prices. This must be arranged through Customs. Stations that sell fuel for foreign registered yachts are marked by blue and yellow diagonal stripes. For longer stays a visa must be applied for well in advance of the 3 month expiry date. In the last ten years the fleet has been modernized and expanded with new ferries that sail between the islands with speed and safety.
One major accident in the island of Paros in the late 90s was the starting point for this modernization of the fleet, and maritime regulations that have become stricter to ensure the safety of the passengers.
The newer ferries, besides speed and safety have added considerable comfort to their offerings. The ports of Piraeus and Rafina are the busiest hubs of ferry activity.
Between them they connect every major and minor island of the Aegean with every conceivable kind of boat. The islands closest to Athens can be reached within a few hours from these two ports, while islands further away require an overnight ferry ride. By Air The largest, and most popular Greek islands have airports that connect them to Athens and Thessaloniki by air. Most flights to the islands leave from Athens airport, and in high season they are connected directly with major European cities via charters that land with some regularity.
Smaller islands have smaller airports and see flights more infrequently, but several development programs have subsidized air travel between smaller Greek cities and Islands. For example, there is air travel between the city of Sitia in Crete and Alexandroupoli in eastern Thrace. Email This BlogThis!